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Atlas of Lebanon, New Challenges
Éditeur
Presses de l’Ifpo
Date de publication
Collection
Co-éditions
Langue
anglais

Atlas of Lebanon

New Challenges

Presses de l’Ifpo

Co-éditions

Offres

  • AideEAN13 : 9782351595497
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After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful environment
spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced successive violent
political events resulting from complex entangled internal and external
struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and demographic
consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas sheds light
on these new challenges and adds new data that complete the analyses already
published in the Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société (Atlas of Lebanon.
Territories and Society) released in 2007 by the same research team. Some of
its components are included in this edition. Beyond the international regional
crisis and the population movements, it takes into account Lebanon’s socio-
economic dimensions, the environmental issues linked to uncontrolled
urbanization and to natural risks, as well as conflicts due to local
territorial management. This atlas is the result of a collaborative endeavor
between French and Lebanese researchers. It uses a geographical approach that
puts in the foreground a spatial analysis of social and natural phenomena.
Public sources are scarce in Lebanon, especially at the local scale. They are
sometimes less reliable and difficult to access. It is particularly the case
for the Lebanese census data, conversely data are abundantly available on the
refugees population, which is less known than the population of refugees.
International data help compare Lebanon to its neighbors. Thematic data
produced by some ministries are helpful to provide a detailed view regarding
specific domains. Analyses processed on aerial and satellite images have
produced essential data on urbanization and environment. Local thematic
fieldwork surveys have provided additional data. The book consists of seven
chapters. The first one deals with the territorial state-building seen in the
light of regional geopolitics, and emphasizes internal violence and the
reemergence of militias and armed groups that fight each other and the state
army. Lebanon is once again perceived as a territory divided between multiple
allegiances. The second chapter is devoted to the analysis of population
dynamics, despite the lack of reliable data whose sources are subject to
discussion. It includes analyses of internal population flows, the Lebanese
diaspora, and the assessment of Syrian refugees’ influx. The third chapter
shows the fragility of the Lebanese economic model. Its dependency on foreign
investments and on the remittances of the diaspora, as well as the deadlocks
of industry and agriculture, which aggravate social imbalances. The fourth
chapter is an assessment of urbanization in the country, which has increased
by 80% in surface in twenty years at the expense of natural spaces and
agriculture. The shore is highly coveted and widely artificialized and
damaged. Multiple signs of environmental degradation are examined in chapter
five. They seem to announce the global climate change and its local effects.
In addition to that, there is a direct link between massive urbanization and
many risks, measured and mapped in an increasingly detailed way. Chapter six
tackles the dysfunctional public services that exploit natural resources:
water and energy supply, both marked by massive shortages, and the management
of solid waste hit by a serious crisis. The seventh and last chapter studies
the mutations of the local territorial management, which is marked by the
retreat of the state, if not its marginalization, and the rise of other
actors, notably municipalities, local powers and also civil society
organizations.After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful
environment spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced
successive violent political events resulting from complex entangled internal
and external struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and
demographic consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas
sheds light on...
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